A robust fire safety system plays an important role in providing protection for building occupants in the case of fire. In the workplace setting, or even in any type of commercial buildings, first and foremost, a fire safety system saves lives. It also keeps the property save from loss due to fire. Therefore, fire safety system should be the primary concern for any business.
A robust fire safety system should at least include emergency routes and exits planning, fire detection and warning systems, the appropriate fire fighting equipment, and well trained workers.
Plan the emergency routes and exits so that exit doors and any discharge lead directly to an open space or area such as the yards. These emergency routes and exits should be unblocked and unobstructed for all times. Copies of exit map should be consciously posted in the workplace. Further, emergency routes and exits planning should be regularly reviewed to ensure its effectiveness. Review should consider, among others, changes of work space setting or any building alternation.
All the potential fire hazards and threats should be identified before selecting the appropriate fire detection and warning system. If you are aware of what types of fire, how and where a fire can occur in the work-site, robust fire detection and warning system could be established. Aspects such as layout and size of the workplace, number of people on the work site, physical limitation (building construction constrain), and respective regulations, codes and standards should also be considered*. These also apply when selecting proper fire fighting equipment.
Any fire detection and fire equipment should be regularly tested and maintained.
Last but not least, most fatalities and injuries from fires in the workplace are the result of workers not knowing the right fire safety and exit strategies to follow. Therefore, employers should ensure that their workers are equipped with the proper knowledge and training to face of a fire in the workplace. This include establishing training manual based on existing fire safety plan, identifying participant and selecting member of the in-house fire response unit, and determining time of training and drill.
Worker’s knowledge of fire safety plan should be updated on regular basis. Importantly when their work-site is altered or changed.
*Some rules, codes and standards regarding fire safety system are as follows:
- Building Act No. 28 of 2002
- Government Regulations No. 36 of 2006 concerning the Implementation of Building Act Regulation no. 28 of 2003
- Decree of the Minister of Manpower No. KEP/186/MEN/1999 on Fire Response Unit at Work Place
- Regulation of the Minister of Manpower No. PER.02/ MEN/1983 on Automatic Fire Alarm Installation
- Decree of the Minister of Public Works no. 10/KPTS/2000 on Technical Provision of Fire Protection against Fire Hazard in Building and Building Environment
- Decree of the Minister of Public Works no. 11/KPTS/2000 on Technical Provisions on Urban Fire Management
- Regulation of the Minister of Public Works No.26/PRT/M/2008 on Technical Requirements of Fire Protection System in Building and Environment;
- Regulation of the Minister of Public Works No. 20/PRT/M/2009 on Technical Guidelines for Urban Fire Protection Management
- Regulation of the Minister of Public Works No. 25/PRT/2007 on Guidelines for Function Certificate of Feasibility Function (SLF) Build Building
- Regulation of the Minister of Public Works and Housing No. 14/PRT/M/2017 on Building Requirements
- SNI 03-1735-2000 Procedures for Access Building and Environmental Access Planning for Fire Prevention at Houses and Buildings
- SNI 03-1736-2000 Methodology of Passive Protection System for Prevention of Fire Hazards in Houses and Buildings
- SNI 03-1745 2000 Procedures for Planning and Installation of Upright and Slope Piping Systems for Fire Prevention in Buildings and Houses
- SNI 03-1746-2000 Procedures for Planning and Installation of Exit Facilities for Rescuing Fire Hazards in Buildings
- SNI 03-6574-2001 Procedures for Emergency Lighting Planning, Directions and Hazards Warning System in Buildings
- SNI 03-3985-2000 Procedures for Planning and Installation of Fire Detection and Alarm Systems for Fire Prevention at Houses and Buildings
- SNI 03-3987-1995 Procedures for Planning and Installation of Light Fire Extinguishers for Fire Prevention at Houses and Buildings
- SNI 03-3989-2000 Procedures for Planning and Installation of Automatic Sprinkler System for Fire Prevention in Building Buildings
- SNI 03-6570-2001 Installation of Fixed Installed Pumps for Fire Protection
- SNI 03-6571-2000 Fire Smoke Control System in Building Buildings