Signed on 27 April 2018, the Minister of Manpower No. 5 of 2018 concerning Occupational Safety and Health at Work Environment revokes the Regulation of the Minister of Labor No. 7 of 1964 concerning Terms of Health, Hygiene, and Lighting in the workplace, the Minister of Manpower and Transmigration Regulation No. 13 of 2011 concerning Threshold Value Limits of Physical Factors and Chemical Factors in the Workplace, and the Circular of the Minister of Manpower and Transmigration number SE.01 /MEN/ 1978 concerning Threshold Values for Work Climate and Threshold Limit Values for Noise in the Workplace.
Perceive as a more comprehensive regulation compare to the previous regulations on Occupational Safety and Health, the Minister of Manpower Regulation number 5 of 2018 aims for a healthier and safer work environment. It also comprises of 10 new focuses as follow:
- Ergonomics factors are factors that can affect workforce activities due to inconsistency between work facilities which include work methods, work position, work tools, and heavy lifting. Ergonomics factors are explained in details in the Appendix of the respective regulation.
- Psychological factors are factors that influence workforce activities due to interpersonal relationships in the workplace, and work roles and responsibilities. Measurement of psychological factors in the workplace uses a 7 scales survey method. The survey includes the purpose of work assignments, time for meetings that are not important, complex tasks done and many others.
- Cold working climate standards. Cold pressure is heat dissipation due to continuous exposure to cold temperature that affects human body ability to produce heat resulting in hypothermia (body temperature below 36 degrees Celsius). The standard of cold working climate includes a standard table where there are cold temperatures, wind speed, actual perceived temperature and danger level. The cold working climate standard also stipulates that rest/break after 4 hour of work shift.
- Work Environment, Occupational Safety and Health are all activities to guarantee and protect the safety and health of workers by controlling work Environment and the application of the workplace sanitation hygiene.
- Industrial Hygiene Expert is a person who has required competence including knowledge, skills and attitudes in the field of Industrial Hygiene which has the qualifications of a Young Industrial Hygiene Expert (HIMU), Associate Expert in Industrial Hygiene (HIMA), and a Main Expert in Industrial Hygiene (HIU).
- Testing methods. The Minister of Manpower Regulation No. 5 of 2018 requires measurement using testing method established by the Indonesian National Standards as mentioned in Article 6. In the case that the test method has not been established in the Indonesian National Standard, measurements can be carried out by other test methods in accordance with standards validated by the authorized institution.
- Application of workplace hygiene and sanitation. The Minister of Manpower Regulation No. 5/2018 replaces the Minister of Labor Regulation Number 7 of 1964 concerning Health, Hygiene and Lighting Conditions in the Workplace. The new regulation stipulates building hygiene and sanitation including the obligation to repaint walls and ceilings at least once every 5 years, the number of latrines increases by 1 in multiples of 40, and the number and requirements of latrines for construction or temporary workplace. In addition there are also requirements for waste disposal including sanitary napkins. These are not ordered by the previous OSH regulations.
- OSH Inspection and testing can be done internally or involving external institutions. Internally, OSH inspection and testing must be carried out by qualified OSH Personnel in the field of work environment. Externally, it can be done by various accredited institutions appointed by the Minister of Manpower.
- Inspecting and testing reports as per the standard template and should be distributed in the company.
- “Fail to meet OSH requirements” sticker, a warning sticker issued by the Ministry of Manpower given to a work area that fails to meet OSH requirements based on inspection and testing.